... Malek Bennabi

اذهب الى الأسفل

... Malek Bennabi

مُساهمة من طرف normalien في الأربعاء 16 أبريل 2008 - 4:49

YAHIA ZOUBIR

Born in a poor family in Constantine, Malek Bennabi became a leader of modern Islamic thinking in independent Algeria. As a youth, he attended a Quranic school in Tebessa. Abd al-Hamid Ben Badis, the influential leader of the Islamic Reformist Movement (ulama), persuaded Bennabi to pursue his studies in Paris. There he obtained a diploma in engineering. His writings began appearing during the 1940s. Among the most notable are The Quranic Phenomenon (1946, translated 2001), Les conditions de la renaissance: Problème d’une civilisation (The conditions of the [Islamic] renaissance: A problem of civilization, 1948), and La vocation de l’Islam (The vocation of Islam, 1954). Bennabi joined the Front de Libération Nationale (National Liberation Front, FLN) during the 1950s and served as one of its representatives abroad. While in Cairo in 1956, he wrote L’Afro-Asiatisme and began Le problème des idées dans le monde musulman (The problem of ideas in the Muslim world), which he gave up because of, in his words, “ideological struggles.” The book was eventually published in 1970.
From 1963 to 1967, Bennabi served as director of superior studies at the ministry of education; he was removed because of suspicions that he belonged to al-Qiyam, an Islamist organization opposed to the regime. During the late 1960s, Bennabi’s disciples established a mosque at the University of Algiers. Bennabi, who organized private discussions in his own home, attracted primarily French-speaking students enrolled in science departments. He and his disciples alienated Arab-speaking Islamists mainly because of Bennabi’s criticism of the salafists, the followers of the so-called purist movement, who reject progress, urging Muslims to eschew modernity and go back to the “strictness” of the Prophet’s epoch, which they view as the golden age of Islam. The Algerian salafists drew their inspiration from Egyptian and south Asian sources. During the 1990s a current within the Front Islamique du Salut (Islamic Salvation Front, FIS), known as the Jazara, or Algerianists, formed an elitist Islamist group, purporting, implausibly, to be inspired by Bennabi’s ideas. Nourredine Boukrouh, an opponent of the FIS and founder of the Algerian Party for Renewal, rejected that claim, insisting that he was Bennabi’s true disciple. He edited a book, Pour changer l’Algérie (To change Algeria, 1991), which contained Bennabi’s newspaper and magazine articles organized into sections on political, economic, cultural, and international themes. In view of Bennabi’s enlightened approach, it is doubtful that he would have endorsed the radicalism of the Jazarists or any other violent Islamist group.
Bibliography
Bariun, Fawzia. Bennabi, Malik: His Life and Theory of Civilization. Kuala Lumpur: Buaya Ilmu Sdn, 1993.
Christelow, Allan. “An Islamic Humanist in the Twentieth Century: Malek Bennabi.” Maghreb Review 17, no. 1 - 2 (1992).
Zoubir, Yahia H. “Islam and Democracy in Malek Bennabi’s Thought.” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences 15, no. 1 (spring 1998): 107 - 112.
Bibliography
(Partial list)
• Les conditions de la renaissance
• Vocation de l’islam
• Le problème des idées dans le monde musulman
• Le phénomène coranique
• La lutte idéologique
• L’Afro-asiatisme
• Islam et Démocratie
• S.O.S Algérie
• Idée d’un commenwealth islamique
• Naissance d’une société
• Perspectives Algérienne
• Mémoires d’un témoin du siècle, tome1 et tome2
• Le rôle du musulman dans le dernier tiers du 20ème siècle
• l’Orientalisme et la Democratie dans l’islam
• Contemplations
• Le Musulman dans le Monde de l’Economie
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عدد الرسائل : 34
العمر : 35
تاريخ التسجيل : 17/12/2007

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